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Asset allocation

Definition

What is asset allocation?

Asset allocation is the act of dividing your investment portfolios among a diverse class of assets such as cash equivalents, bonds, equities, fixed income, physical assets, and more. 

As an investment strategy, it helps you balance the risks and rewards of your company’s asset class depending on the set goals and objectives of the business. 

In general, the goal of asset allocation is to safely ensure a profit in creating a more diversified portfolio and an effort to minimize the volatility of capital loss. 

Asset allocation is often associated with diversification. Diversification is a practice that involves picking the right group of investments to reduce risk and avoid significant loss. 

asset allocation
What is asset allocation?

How does asset allocation work?

Asset allocation is a vital element in portfolio management for investors. Typically, each asset classes provide different financial returns. As such, asset allocation as a strategy helps investors keep an eye on possible slumps. 

The time horizon and risk tolerance might be the factors in deciding what relative proportion will be allocated in each asset class. 

There are several types of assets, and each offers different risks and rewards in asset allocation. This includes cash, stocks, bonds, real estate, commodities, currencies, derivatives, and crypto-assets

Why is asset allocation important?

Each class asset has different behavior depending on the current economic status. For instance, stocks and bonds are more inclined in interest rates. It is risky if you want to invest all in bonds and stocks. 

In real estate, prices are influenced by the supply and demand in the market or mortgage interest rate. Additionally, cash or cash-like assets, which offer the lowest rate of return yet low risk, are considered stable among investment assets. 

The important thing about asset allocation is it allows you to rebalance your portfolio and surmount market highs and lows as you pursue your target asset allocation and investment goals. 

Why is asset allocation important?

Factors that affect asset allocation decision 

Conversely, there’s no one-size-fits-all approach to asset allocation. Whatever the case, it will depend on your preferred financial strategies in allocating this asset. 

Here are some factors that will affect your decision in asset allocation. 

Time horizon 

The time horizon factor is the duration of the investment. It is the expected number of months, years, or even decades you will be investing, depending on your financial goals. 

Risk tolerance 

Risk tolerance refers to your willingness to lose an amount in exchange for a potential higher return in the future. Typically, high-risk investments aren’t ideal for investors as they may lose the entire investment entirely. 

Financial goals 

Your financial goal might be the factor in aligning your asset allocation. Associating both of them can have positive results, allowing you to achieve a level of return. 

Allocation of assets is an advantageous investment strategy that every investor should practice. Asset allocation doesn’t guarantee a maximum return or shield from losses over time. It is an important and effective investment strategy that will help your business gain positive overall returns while lessening all-inclusive market risk. 

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