• 3,000 firms
  • Independent
  • Trusted
Save up to 70% on staff

Home » Articles » An overview of Form 1042

An overview of Form 1042

Foreign employees training and studying in office

Tax season always brings a whirlwind of forms and documents.

Understanding tax forms, like Form 1042, can be as confusing as navigating a foreign language.

This article aims to provide a comprehensive overview of Form 1042, explaining its significance, and the entities obligated to file it. Learn its various aspects that demand attention to ensure compliance. 

What is Form 1042?

See form 1042 (Rev: 2023)

Form 1042 serves as an essential document within the U.S. taxation system. This form is officially titled “Annual Withholding Tax Return for U.S. Source Income of Foreign Persons.”

It primarily focuses on withholding tax for non-resident aliens and foreign corporations. It ensures compliance with tax regulations by imposing withholding tax on various types of income.

Get 3 free quotes 2,300+ BPO SUPPLIERS

diverse people smiling together

Things to remember when filing Form 1042

Here are key points to remember when filing Form 1042:

Reporting foreign income

Filing Form 1042 involves reporting payments made to foreigners. It’s crucial to identify and document these transactions accurately. 

Take the time to review and categorize foreign income properly.

Withholding obligations

Form 1042 includes significant withholding obligations. As a filer, you must ensure the correct amount withheld from payments to non-residents.

Familiarize yourself with the applicable withholding rates and guidelines to avoid any discrepancies.

Deadline adherence

One of the critical things to remember is adhering to deadlines. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) imposes strict timelines for Form 1042 submissions. 

Get the complete toolkit, free

Missing the deadline can result in penalties. Mark your calendar and plan to submit the form on time, safeguarding your business from unnecessary fines.

Accuracy and completeness

Accuracy and completeness are non-negotiables. Double-check all the information in the form to verify it aligns with the payments made. 

Any errors can lead to complications during the review process, potentially triggering audits.

Supporting documentation

It’s vital to include proper supporting documentation with your Form 1042 submission. Keeping detailed records of transactions, receipts, and relevant paperwork is essential. 

Not only does this aid in the filing process, but it also serves as a backup in case the IRS has any inquiries.

Woman Working on a Laptop in the Garden
Things to remember when filing Form 1042

Who needs to file Form 1042?

Several categories of organizations and individuals are responsible for filing Form 1042, including:

U.S. businesses or corporations

If a U.S. company pays foreign individuals or groups, they must fill out Form 1042. It includes companies engaging in international transactions or having non-resident contractors or suppliers.

Non-profit organizations

Non-profit organizations dealing with foreign entities need to submit Form 1042.

These organizations must follow IRS rules, whether it be donations, grants, or payments to people or groups outside the country.


Partnerships working with nonresidents and making payments in business or joint projects have to follow Form 1042 filing rules.

These groups need to report and document such transactions properly.

Individuals acting as withholding agents

Individuals who act as withholding agents and settle with non-citizens are essential to submit Form 1042. 

This requirement applies to consultants, agents, or anyone designated to handle these transactions.

Financial institutions

Banks, credit unions, and investment firms that handle transactions with non-residents are required to fill out Form 1042.

These institutions must report and withhold taxes on payments made to foreign parties.

Payments to report on Form 1042

Payments subject to reporting on Form 1042 encompass various types of income. These include:


Form 1042 covers reporting interest payments made to overseas individuals. Whether it’s interest on loans, deposits, or other financial transactions, detail these payments in the filing precisely.


Dividend payments to non-residents should find their way into Form 1042.

Companies distributing profits to foreign shareholders are required to report these dividend transactions to the IRS for review.


Report payments classified as royalties to foreigners on Form 1042.  It comprises compensation for using intellectual property such as:

  • Patents
  • Copyrights
  • Trademarks

Accurate reporting is vital to compliance.


If your business rents property to external residents, include these rent payments in Form 1042. It ensures transparency in financial dealings and compliance with IRS regulations.

Compensation for personal services

One of the necessary payments for Form 1042 involves personal services provided by non-residents. It includes consultancy fees, freelance work, or any other essential service.

How to submit Form 1042

Here are the different methods of filing Form 1042:

Paper filing

The traditional method entails physically preparing and mailing the completed Form 1042 to the IRS. This process requires meticulous attention to detail to ensure all necessary information is accurate.

Electronic filing via the IRS FIRE system

The IRS offers the Filing Information Returns Electronically (FIRE) system, allowing filers to submit Form 1042 electronically. 

This method simplifies the process, allowing faster and more efficient filing while reducing errors.

IRS Tax audit
How to submit Form 1042

Authorized e-file providers

Employing authorized e-file providers simplifies the submission process. These providers offer specialized platforms to assist with Form 1042 filings. 

Third-party service providers

Businesses can engage third-party service providers specializing in tax filings to handle their Form 1042 submissions. 

These providers offer expertise and support, guaranteeing accuracy and compliance.

Tax professionals

Seeking assistance from tax professionals is a smart move when dealing with Form 1042 filings.

These experts have in-depth knowledge of tax rules and can offer customized guidance to ensure precise and compliant submissions.

Filing Form 1042 to remain compliant

Filing Form 1042 isn’t just about ticking a box on a compliance checklist. It’s about:

  • Upholding transparency
  • Avoiding penalties
  • Mitigating compliance risks
  • Ensuring continuity
  • Showcasing responsible financial stewardship

Embracing Form 1042 filing as an integral part of business operations ensures a robust and compliant framework, fostering a trustworthy and sustainable business environment.

Get Inside Outsourcing

An insider's view on why remote and offshore staffing is radically changing the future of work.

Order now

Start your
journey today

  • Independent
  • Secure
  • Transparent

About OA

Outsource Accelerator is the trusted source of independent information, advisory and expert implementation of Business Process Outsourcing (BPO).

The #1 outsourcing authority

Outsource Accelerator offers the world’s leading aggregator marketplace for outsourcing. It specifically provides the conduit between world-leading outsourcing suppliers and the businesses – clients – across the globe.

The Outsource Accelerator website has over 5,000 articles, 450+ podcast episodes, and a comprehensive directory with 3,900+ BPO companies… all designed to make it easier for clients to learn about – and engage with – outsourcing.

About Derek Gallimore

Derek Gallimore has been in business for 20 years, outsourcing for over eight years, and has been living in Manila (the heart of global outsourcing) since 2014. Derek is the founder and CEO of Outsource Accelerator, and is regarded as a leading expert on all things outsourcing.

“Excellent service for outsourcing advice and expertise for my business.”

Learn more
Banner Image
Get 3 Free Quotes Verified Outsourcing Suppliers
3,000 firms.Just 2 minutes to complete.
Learn more

Connect with over 3,000 outsourcing services providers.

Banner Image

Transform your business with skilled offshore talent.

  • 3,000 firms
  • Simple
  • Transparent
Banner Image