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Home » Articles » Form 16: Everything you need to know

Form 16: Everything you need to know

In the world of income tax filing for salaried individuals in India, there is a significant document that holds great importance – Form 16.

This guide breaks down everything you need to know about Form 16, including its purpose and who it is for. We will also show you how to fill it out accurately, file it, and obtain a copy if needed. 

What is Form 16?

Form 16, or TDS Certificate, serves as proof of tax deducted at source (TDS) by an employer on behalf of their employees. 

TDS is withheld from one’s salary income and remitted to the Income Tax Department (IT Department) every month.

Form 16 offers a comprehensive overview of the salary disbursed and the corresponding TDS deductions. Basically, it contains crucial information about the salary earned, tax deducted, and other deductions.

What is Form 16
What is Form 16?

Who is Form 16 for?

Form 16 is primarily meant for salaried individuals in India. If you receive a monthly salary and your employer deducts taxes at source, you’re in Form 16 territory.

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Essentially, it’s a document that paints a clear picture of one’s income and the taxes paid on it. The employer is usually responsible for handling this document.

Benefits of Form 16

Form 16 offers several advantages for both employees and employers. Let’s explore some of the key benefits:

Easy tax filing

The certificate simplifies the process of filing income tax returns. It provides a comprehensive summary of the TDS deducted, making it easier for employees to report their income accurately.

Proof of income

TDS certificate acts as proof of income for employees. This document becomes crucial in establishing your income and tax compliance when applying for loans or visas.

Uncomplicated job transition

Form 16 from previous employers helps the new employer calculate TDS accurately when you switch jobs. It ensures smooth transitions and prevents any discrepancies in tax calculations.

How to get Form 16

If you’ve misplaced or have not received your TDS Certificate, you can follow these steps to obtain it:

Contact your employer

Reach out to your employer’s HR or finance department to request a duplicate copy of your Form 16. They should be able to assist you with obtaining the document.

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Download from TRACES

You can also download the form from the TDS Reconciliation Analysis and Correction Enabling System (TRACES) website. This is an Income Tax Department of India-provided online platform and service.

Download from TRACES
Benefits of Form 16

How to fill out Form 16

Form 16 is divided into a part A and a part B. Let’s understand these sections and how to fill them:

Part A

Part A is the certificate issued by the employer. It includes details like:

  • The employer’s Tax Deduction and Collection Account Number (TAN)
  • Permanent Account Number (PAN)
  • The employee’s PAN and details of TDS deducted

Part B

The employer can also prepare part B, which provides detailed information about the salary earned, deductions, exemptions, and other income. 

Here’s what you need to include in part B:

  • Salary details. Report all aspects of the worker’s salary, including basic salary, allowances, perquisites, and any bonuses received during the financial year. Ensure accuracy when entering these figures.
  • Deductions. Deductions play a vital role in reducing one’s taxable income. Include deductions under Section 80C, 80D, and any others one is eligible for. Be sure to put the amounts accurately to avoid any discrepancies.
  • Taxable income. Calculate an employee’s taxable income after deducting all eligible deductions from their gross salary. Verify that the figures are accurate and match their Form 16.
  • Tax calculation. Based on one’s taxable income, calculate the tax liability by applying the applicable tax slab rates. Ensure that the tax calculations are accurate and align with the tax laws of the financial year.

How to file Form 16

When it comes to filing Form 16, multiple methods are available to cater to different preferences and convenience. 

Let’s explore some of the possible filing methods:

Manual submission

You can opt for the traditional method of filing by physically submitting a printed copy to the Income Tax Department’s local office.

However, this approach could demand a significant amount of time and require multiple visits.

Online filing

Leveraging the digital revolution, you can now file tax forms online through the government’s official income tax website or authorized e-filing platforms.

This approach offers convenience, speed, and greater accuracy.

Online filing
How to file Form 16

E-filing through DSC

If you possess a valid Digital Signature Certificate (DSC), you can electronically sign and submit Form 16 directly through government-approved e-filing portals.

This method ensures authenticity and reduces the need for physical paperwork.

Aadhaar authentication

Another option available is to file Form 16 using Aadhaar authentication. This involves linking your Aadhaar Card with your income tax return and e-verifying the form using the OTP received on your registered mobile number.

Engaging tax professionals

If you find the process confusing or overwhelming, you can seek assistance from tax professionals or chartered accountants.

Professionals can guide you through the filing process and ensure compliance with tax regulations.

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